Media Academy » Overview

The Salzburg Academy on Media and Global Change is a unique three-week action research and critical making program that brings young media makers together from around the world to critique and create civic media for social change. The academy focuses on responding to the wicked problems of the world, and values human connections and co-creation of media initiatives to solve them. We focus on developing media and digital literacies that can be applied to inform intractable issues that face us today. The arc of the Academy is as follows:

  • Mission - The Salzburg Academy challenges students and faculty to harness creative media to inform global problem-solving.
  • Vision - Our vision is to encourage a generation of innovators in journalism, communications research and information design who can drive institutional and community change at scale.
  • Strategy - Our strategy is to convene extremely promising students from highly diverse backgrounds, expose them to leading thinkers and practitioners, and support breakthrough collaborations that result in implementable practices, technologies, and designs.
  • Program - We partner with selected universities to identify students with remarkable promise, and to create a laboratory environment where media innovation can flourish, face-to-face and virtually.
  • Outcomes - Salzburg Academy faculty and fellows deploy media applications, analysis and reporting to produce specific breakthroughs in problem framing, understanding and solution.

Over 70 students and a dozen faculty from all five continents gather annually in Salzburg to work in international teams and across disciplines. Since be founded in 2007, a global network of young media innovators has emerged, with over 750 students, 150 faculty, and a host of visiting scholars and practitioners. In this time, participants in the Academy have built:

  • Prototypes plans for media innovation
  • Global Case Studies that explore media's role in the world across borders, cultures, and divides
  • Digital Vignettes that show media's impact on the world
  • Global Media Literacy Models for engaging communities to be more sustainable and vibrant in digital culture
  • A Network of young media innovators that work to lead and invent the future media industries best suited for success in digital culture

We have had the pleasure of welcoming the following visiting scholars:

  • Richard Goldstone - South African judge who helped bring down the Apartheid / UN chief prosecutor
  • Dana Priest - Pulitzer-prize winning journalist for CBS / Washington Post
  • Richard Ford - Pulitzer Prize Winning Author
  • Bianca Jagger - Social Activist
  • Tom Stoppard - Playwright
  • Henry Jenkins - Founder, MIT Center for Civic Media
  • Anthony Kennedy - US Supreme Court Justice
  • Liz Lufkin - Yahoo News front page editor
  • Charles Sennott - founder of the GlobalPost
  • Will Dobson - foreign policy editor at Slate
  • Lucio Mesquita - director, BBC Monitoring
  • Martin Weiss - Head of Press Dept, Austrian Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  • Maya Morsi - UNDP Egypt
  • Ivan Seigal - Director, Global Voices

Upcoming Sessions in 2017:

Salzburg Academy on Media and Social Change
July 16 to August 5, 2017

 

What Media Can Change

Students From Around the World Travel to Salzburg for Eighth Media Academy
Students From Around the World Travel to Salzburg for Eighth Media Academy
Julia Loewenthal 
This summer from July 20 to August 9, over 70 students and 20 faculty and scholars from around the world will join together in Austria to participate in the Salzburg Academy on Media and Global Change
This summer’s students come from Argentina, Canada, China, Colombia, France, Egypt, India, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Kenya, Lebanon, Mexico, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Spain, Switzerland, and the UK, and the USA. Providing voices and viewpoints from five continents, participants will engage in projects, lectures, and activities to better understand their role as a global citizen in the digital age. All the while, students will be living in the beautiful Schloss Leopoldskron, and experiencing the history of a beautiful building, city, and country. Now in its eighth session, the Salzburg Academy on Media and Global Change has spent the better part of a decade bringing students together to work on innovative case studies to impact media dialogue and global change. Roughly 400 students have participated thus far, in addition to over 50 professors and faculty members. In addition, each year features noteworthy guest speakers and teachers, including the playwright Tom Stoppard, associate justice of the US Supreme Court Anthony Kennedy, author Richard Ford, and Washington Post reporter Dana Priest. 
Academy participants will focus on four major programs and activities. First, the Academy is excited to welcome staff from the United Nations Development Program’s Knowledge, Innovation and Capacity Group, who will be staging real world challenges they are working on around the world. The three main areas of focus are: poverty reduction, human rights, and the environment. Students will work in teams to develop media-oriented solutions to the challenges posed, and will present their prototypes at the conclusion of the three-week Academy period. This will involve written components, including defining the problem and relating it to Media Literacy, as well as visual components, including creating an infographic in addition to video and audio to amplify the issue. The UNDP will consider the top prototyped solutions in regional offices where the challenges are currently being addressed. This applied work gives students a chance to see their work in the context of real-world problem solving. The second 2014 Academy project involves working in a multimedia production team. Noted filmmakers Sanjeev Chatterjee (Media for Change and University of Miami) and Rhys Daunic (The Media Spot) will serve as filmmakers-in-residence this summer, creating two short films with the help of eight competitively selected students. One video will focus on what media can change, and the other looks at how we can change media. 
Finally, students will engage in a weekly photo contest. Each week the students will be given a word, and will be tasked with capturing its meaning in a photograph. A winner is selected at the end of the week, in addition to second place, third place, and runners up. Prizes are given at the end of the summer to the first place winners. 

Accepted graduate students will be required to take on a research project as well, exploring media literacy, stereotypes and diversity in global digital culture. Students will work in teams, and these projects will tie in both with the other work being done at the Academy as well as the students’ area of study.
The three-week experience will of course include more than just work. Each Friday, students will be taken on a trip – the first week to the beautiful Gossau national park, and the second week to a concentration camp memorial. These trips provide meaningful experiences for students to explore areas outside of Salzburg, as well as to get to know each other outside of the Schloss grounds. Weekends are spent either traveling to other cities such as Munich, Vienna, and Venice, or exploring all that Salzburg has to offer. The city is host to the annual classical musical festival which takes place at the same time as the Academy, and students will be treated to private show in the Great Hall of the Schloss as part of their three-week stay.  Students will also have opportunity to hike in the surrounding mountains and partake in the unofficial tradition of braving the cold waters of the Almkanal to cool off in the Salzburg summer heat.
Overall, it is going to be a powerful three weeks. Students will learn a lot about the state of the world and their role in it, in addition to making friends from around the world and making once in a lifetime connections.
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Salzburg Global 2014 Program now available online
Salzburg Global 2014 Program now available online
Oscar Tollast 
Salzburg Global’s 2014 Program will feature over 25 distinctive sessions and workshops inspired by three interdependent values: Imagination, Sustainability and Justice. The three values underpin Salzburg Global’s new program ‘clusters’ and aim to form the foundations for global citizenship. Under these ‘clusters’, a number of topics will be discussed. For example, participants will be asked how societies can renew their education, how to improve life chances for present and future generations, or examine how societies can reframe responsibilities. The 2014 Program brings together distinctive multi-year projects and partnerships with the common goal of promoting vision, courage and leadership to tackle the most complex challenges of a globalized society. The Salzburg Academies – covering Global Citizenship, Media and Global Change, and the Future of International Law – will continue to prepare outstanding young people with the skills to drive change. Salzburg Global Seminar remains determined in breaking down barriers separating people and ideas. It spans the world’s regions and challenges countries at all stage of development and institutions across all sectors to rethink their relationship and identify shared interests and goals. The program is available for download as PDF. 2014 Program Brochure
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Media Literacy: What Could be more Empowering?
Media Literacy: What Could be more Empowering?
Maya al Majzoub 
This summer saw the seventh annual Salzburg Academy on Media and Global Change held at Schloss Leopoldskron, Austria, the home of Salzburg Global Seminar. It also saw the launch of the first ever Media and Digital Literacy Academy of Beirut hosted by long-term Salzburg Academy partner, the American University of Beirut, Lebanon. Here, AUB media studies Master's student Maya al Majzoub reflects on her experience of both programs and how they have "empowered" her.
Living in a traumatized region of the world, the toughest feeling to cope with is the loss of hope. When you start waking up everyday fearing it could be your last is when you existentially start to fade. You lose your energy, surrender your dreams, and believe that no change is coming. Although I’m generally a positive person, but living in a sectarian fragmented Arab context, always threatened by war and clashes, has taken its toll on me. Every now and then, I felt frustrated and powerless. I needed some sort of motivation, some sort of reminder that I still have a role to play to help change things in my beloved Lebanon, even on the smallest scale, and to be honest, this was the real essence behind why I wanted to get involved in both “The Salzburg Academy for Media and Global Change” and the “Media and Digital Literacy Academy of Beirut” (MDLAB). Things happened fast! In six consecutive weeks, I participated in both academies. For my first three weeks in the Salzburg Academy, it wasn’t just about the academics. In Salzburg, it was also about going back to nature after being detached for so long, going back to hear the “sound of music” everywhere. Our souls definitely needed that sanctuary, as we’ve been a region traumatized with tragedy for so long that we lost touch with nature and beauty. But professionally, in one word, both academy experiences were “empowering”. Seriously, what could be more empowering than learning to become a producer in the marginalized side of the world? To be guided how to use media’s constructive potential to advocate human rights and aid the Arab world’s transition to democracy? In that, I found my muse. By meeting multinational highly-qualified professors and students with an inspiring entrepreneurial drive, I learned to see things differently; this huge digital space we have at hand, just a click away, is no longer to be taken for granted, but to be used to tell our stories to the whole world, to resist propaganda, and to be a voice for the voiceless. The world has to know the truth about what’s happening in the Arab world, and we have to expose the suffering. Realizing that each one of us actually has this power to influence the way things are by just learning to tactfully use media was truly reviving. This is precisely why I directly volunteered to assist on the newly-launched MDLAB; to learn more how media literacy can be applied within an Arab context, especially since the Academy aimed to encourage Arab media scholars and students to introduce media literacy into their universities’ curricula. MDLAB was co-chaired by Dr. Jad Melki and Dr. May Farah, who were both on the Salzburg Academy’s faculty. During the last week of the Academy, right before the participants’ final presentations, I organized a presentation panel where, together with some of the Lebanese participants in the Salzburg Academy (Farah Shehadeh, Tasnim Chaaban, and Shadi Hamdar), we shared our Salzburg experience, covering both the academic aspect of it, such as our exploratory case studies and film productions, and the social aspect, such as the global interaction we shared and the blog we created. Interestingly, the MDLAB participants then directly felt inspired to start their own blog. To me, what was particularly remarkable was the ability of some MDLAB participants, especially those from Syria, to try and maintain their academic focus despite having their families left in the Syrian war zone. If anything, this proves how determined a large portion of Arabs are to arm themselves with all sorts of peaceful and constructive tools of change—media literacy being a highly significant one of them. As for now, I’m mainly concerned with how to use my own media platform, that is, my job as a reporter on one of the Lebanese social talk-shows, to critically highlight and treat significant social issues, through applying media literacy concepts. In the end, it all boils down to this: From time to time, we all need to be reminded that we do have the power to change things, and media literacy can do that quite practically!
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Are we becoming disconnected by our love of devices?
Are we becoming disconnected by our love of devices?
Salzburg Global Seminar Staff 
Has our need to be constantly connected to the World Wide Web actually left us disconnected from our own immediate reality? Can we overcome this apparent obsession with texting and get back to talking?  The USA’s CBS News asked these questions in a report on Sunday, September 30, and gained help in its answers from research carried out by partners of the Salzburg Academy for Media and Global Change.  The Media Academy’s ‘Unplugged’ project, conducted in conjunction with Academy partner International Center for Media and the Public Agenda, University of Maryland, part of the Philip Merrill College of Journalism and the School of Public Policy at the University of Maryland, found that many young people are worryingly addicted to their telecommunications devices.  Conducted with the assistance of a dozen university partners of the Salzburg Academy on Media & Global Change, the study asked 1000 students in 10 developed and developing countries on five continents to give up all media for 24 hours.  After their daylong abstinence, the students recorded their experiences. The results surprised  “It ended up being the most horrible experience many of them had ever in their life, according to what they self-reported to us. The psychological impact was significant,” lead researcher, Sergey Golitsynskiy told CBS reporter Susan Spencer.  Of the 1000 students who responded, 70 percent of them quit the experiment, saying they simply couldn't do give up their phones, laptops and TVs for the full day.  “They felt a tremendous amount of boredom. They were bored without it,” said Golitsynskly. “They felt emotionally detached from the rest of the world.”  The World Unplugged study concluded that most college students, whether in developed or developing countries, are strikingly similar in how they use media.  Student after student spoke about their generation's utter dependency on media - especially the mobile phone. And they also explained how they think about news.  “We are used to having information about everything on the planet and this information we have to have in an unbelievable time.  Our generation doesn’t need certified and acknowledged information. More important is quantity, not quality of news,” said on Slovakian student study participant.  As Spencer explains in her report, “One American student reported: ‘I was itching, like a crackhead...’ Someone in the UK said: ‘Media is my drug ... I am an addict.’ A student from China wrote: ‘I was almost freaking out.’ And a person from Argentina reported: ‘Sometimes I felt dead.’” Spencer also interviewed MIT psychologist Sherry Turkle, author of the book ‘Alone Together’, looking at society’s excessive use of mobile phones and the loss of the art of conversation.  Her antidote to this apparent media ‘addiction’?  “Talk to your child. Talk to your partner. Talk to yourself!” Turkle told Spencer.  “…It’s not about saying, ‘Don't use your phone.’ It’s not about throwing away your phone. It’s about, ‘How do we reclaim conversation?’”
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Salzburg Media Academy Inspires Lebanese Program
Salzburg Media Academy Inspires Lebanese Program
Salzburg Global Staff Writer 
Founding Salzburg Academy on Media and Global Change faculty member Dr. Jad Melki, of the American University of Beirut, has launched a new media and digital literacy academy in Lebanon - the first such program in the Middle East. Inspired by his work over the past seven years with Salzburg Global Seminar, Melki, together with his colleagues from the AUB Media Studies Program, launched the three-week Media and Digital Literacy Academy of Beirut (MDLAB) at AUB this August. Tailored to the Arab world and aiming to promote, vitalize, and advance digital media literacy education in the region, the inaugural program hosted 50 media professors and students from universities in Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, and Syria. Jad Melki and May Farah, both assistant professors at AUB's Media Studies program and members of the faculty the Salzburg Academy, co-chaired the 2013 academy, and Lubna Maaliki, an AUB and Salzburg alumna, served as the academy's director, with many of the roster of international speakers coming from the ranks of Salzburg Global Seminar and its Academy program. Salzburg Global Seminar President Stephen Salyer, one of the speakers at the MDLAB, praised the initiative and expressed his pride at the Salzburg Academy on Media and Global Change having been "the seed ground for this exciting new effort". Staple of education "Digital media literacy has become a staple of education all around the world, except in the Arab region," said Melki, also the director of the Media Studies Program at AUB. "We hope to bridge this gap, particularly since media literacy is very important to help solve many of the social and cultural problems we face in the region." Melki added that media literacy is an international academic movement whose aim is to empower citizens with critical thinking skills so they could understand how media affect their lives and their societies. "It can also help turn citizens into critical consumers and producers of media so they could actively participate in national and global dialogues using digital media. They can then act as responsible global citizens and civic participants in their cultures." Like the Salzburg Academy on Media and Global Change, which was launched in 2007, the three-week Beirut Academy will be held annually. The MDLAB program will be mainly open to professors and students from the Arab world, and is being sponsored by the Open Society Foundations, a US-based grant-making operation that promotes democratic governance and social reform. International faculty The three-week annual academy, conducted primarily in Arabic, brings pioneering instructors and professionals to teach advanced digital and media literacy concepts and debate skills to young Arab university instructors and graduate students, who will eventually spread the knowledge to their institutions and countries. In addition to Salyer, the international speakers and trainers included Susan Moeller from the University of Maryland and director of the International Center for Media and the Public Agenda, partner of the Salzburg Academy, Paul Mihailidis from Emerson College and Salzburg Academy Program Director, Salzburg Academy faculty member Moses Shumow from Florida International University, and Renee Hobbs from the University of Rhode Island, who delivered the 2012 Bailey Morris Lecture at Salzburg Global Seminar. Melki called Moeller, Mihailidis and Shumow "instrumental" in helping design and advise about the Beirut Academy. Melki hopes to see much collaboration between the Salzburg Academy and the MDLAB in coming years. "In addition to having more faculty from the Salzburg Academy join, we hope it's also a two way exchange, where participants, both faculty and students, from the Beirut Academy can join the Salzburg Academy later. We also hope to share notes on curricular matters. There are things we applied in Beirut that can be done in Salzburg and vice versa," he explained. Much like the Salzburg Academy, the MDLAB will also act as an incubator of innovative ideas and a hub for a network of regional universities and media educators. Staff of the MDLAB hope that "faculty members participating in the academy will carry back the knowledge and curricula to their universities, schools, and countries, while students simultaneously benefit from the teaching and training." MDLAB was conceived by the Media Studies program after several years of success in teaching media and digital literacy courses, engaging in related study abroad programs, such as the Salzburg Academy on Media and Global Change, and organizing public lectures and conferences on this issue, including the 2011 conference of the Arab-US Association for Communication Educators at AUB.
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66 Students, One Mission: Improve Global Media Literacy and Change the World
66 Students, One Mission: Improve Global Media Literacy and Change the World
Louise Hallman 
Sixty-six students of eighteen nationalities from fourteen colleges*, together for three weeks with one goal: to enhance the understanding of media literacy – both their own and others’ – and ultimately change their local and global communities. Over the course of the three-week program of the Salzburg Academy on Media and Global Change, the international cohort of students listened to lectures, took part in skills workshops, discussed issues in small group sessions, and ultimately produced case studies to aid the understanding of how the world’s media cover various issues, from how social media can give voice to LGBT communities across the world – and why we should be wary of what we share online, to how media impacts men’s body image and how digital media can help raise awareness of women’s rights. Now in its seventh year, the Salzburg Academy began in 2007 as a partnership between the Salzburg Global Seminar and the International Center for Media and the Public Agenda at the University of Maryland, but quickly attracted partner universities from across the world that are home to leading journalism and communications schools. In previous years students have worked together to contribute to one large research project, including exploring mobile information habits of university students around world and analyzing the global media coverage of the Beijing and London Olympics. This year students worked in smaller groups to develop in-depth case studies within the areas of media and socio-political change, media innovation, and open data. Through their case studies, small groups of students were tasked with identifying an issue of interest; critically analyzing how the media covers that issue; compiling resources for others to understand the issue; developing lesson plans and educational exercises so that peers or younger students can learn about the issue; and presenting the case study in the form of an essay, an infographic or a video.
  • The resulting case studies covered a wide variety of topics, including:
  • The promotion of women’s rights through social media
  • Entertainment television as an agent for political change
  • The use of social media to provide a voice to LGBT communities around the world Global self-censorship in Lebanon, Mexico, China, Hong Kong and Slovakia
The students also made awareness-raising videos on: Love as a human right Child brides and forced marriage Social media and privacy Social media Labor rights violations Attacks on journalists The influence of the media on men's body image The importance of open data Social media for change: Tweeting against online sexism This year’s program not only covered and built on previous years’ curricula on media and visual literacy (which has been compiled in the book News Literacy: Global Perspectives for the Newsroom and the Classroom, edited by Program Director, Paul Mihailidis), but also covered the interconnected themes of reporting in the age of open data, digital media and social movements, and digital media and urban innovation. The program was led by faculty from partner universities, as well as guest lecturers including games researcher and designer Eric Gordon, from the Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University; Slate magazine’s foreign and politics editor, Will Dobson; and award-winning documentary maker Sanjeev Chatterjee. Students tackled the topics of global citizenship, the myths and realities of globalization, the universality of media standards, empowerment through media, media entrepreneurship, social media and diversity networks, the media’s role in covering conflict and justice, challenges to freedom of expression, and community outreach. Inspiring Change Since undertaking the three-week program, in addition to improving their media literacy, many of the students felt inspired to make some sort of change. For some it was on a personal level, like Paulina Klaucova, from the University of Ss. Cyril and Methodius. “I have to change my habits; I have to study more about what’s going on in the world, and then talk about it to other people. But first I have to change myself and my point of view, and then I can change the bigger things,” said Paulina. University of Maryland broadcast major Samantha Medney intends to join J-Street - an organization for Jewish and Arab students to join together and talk about the Israeli-Palestinian conflict - upon her return to the USA. “[Salzburg] has really opened my eyes; you might think that you have a certain position on something, but if you really opened your eyes and really got to know individuals from certain countries, you’d realize that there’s really a broader context going on.” Other students now feel inspired to try to change and raise awareness at their university, like at Bournemouth University. “We want to set up a society which looks each week at global issues and discusses how we can make people in our country more aware of them, and create discussion about things that people might not know about,” explained second year multimedia journalism student Jessica Long. Other students left with even bigger ambitions. International relations major Ryan Shingledecker from University of Texas at Austin, chose the Salzburg program to fill his compulsory study abroad credits because of his interest in the growing power of social media, something he hopes to now harness to help in developing countries. “I’ve always been passionate about going and working with people in developing countries,” explained Ryan. “And I now know different tools that I can use to go and make a change in these countries, where before one person couldn’t do a whole lot, but now somebody can.” Maya Majzoub, one of the 25 American University in Beirut students at this year's Academy, echoed the thoughts of many of her fellow Salzburg graduates when she said she now feels inspired and empowered to make change happen. “It’s not just the academics that stick in my mind; it’s about the social interaction, the feeling that you can do something. I’m coming back to Lebanon and all my thoughts are all on what I can do to change something about my community,” she said. “I’m going to invest everything I learned here [in Salzburg] in my job [as a reporter]. I’ve always had this feeling that I want to change something in my community, but now I’m empowering myself with the tools, and I feel that the Salzburg media program has given me insight on what to do next – how to use media production in changing something.” As it has been from the start, the Salzburg Academy is not just “on Media”, but also “Global Change”, and in the words of famed anthropologist Margaret Mead, chair of the first ever session of Salzburg Global Seminar: “Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world; indeed, it's the only thing that ever has.”
A selection of photographs from the 2013 Salzburg Academy on Media and Global Change are available on Flickr Winning entries from the 2013 Salzburg Academy on Media and Global Change photography contest are available on Facebook A selection of student-made videos from the 2013 Salzburg Academy on Media and Global Change are available on YouTube *Participating universities this year were: American University of Beirut, Lebanon; Bournemouth University, UK; Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China SAR; Daystar University, Kenya; Emerson College, USA; Jordan Media Institute, Jordan; Pontifica Universidad Catolica, Argentina; Southwest University of Politics and Law, China; Tsinghua University, China; Universidad Iberoamericana, Mexico; University of Maryland, College Park, USA; University of Miami, USA; University of Ss. Cyril and Methodius, Slovakia; and University of Texas at Austin, USA.
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Play is fundamental to humanity – and civic engagement
Play is fundamental to humanity – and civic engagement
Louise Hallman 
Gaming is a multi-billion dollar industry. But games can be used for a lot more than just keeping teenage boys entertained in their bedrooms. As Eric Gordon, director of the Engagement Game Lab at Emerson College, explained to students of the seventh Salzburg Academy for Media and Global Change, games are being increasingly used to create civic engagement and affect social change. Delivering the annual Ithiel de Sola Pool lecutre on on the Impact of Communications Technology on Society and Politics, Gordon laid out how by playing learning games, such as 1990s school hit, Oregon Trail, and direct impact games like Darfur is Dying, where one must keep their refugee camp functioning in the face of possible attacks by Janjaweed militias, opportunities for learning, empathy and social control can be realized in a much more accessible manner than simply reading books or listening to lectures. As Johan Huizinga, the Dutch historian and one of the founders of modern cultural history, said: “Let my play be my learning and my learning be my play”. In their book Rules of Play, Katie Salen and Eric Zimmerman state that “games are systems where players engage in artificial conflict, governed by rules, for which there is a knowable outcome.” They also offer the opportunity to fail safely, encouraging practice and perfection. In addition to generating empathy and experiential learning, games are also being used in the civic realm to gather data, help prepare for natural disasters, and community and urban planning. Games can even be used to build mutual trust between a government and its citizens. “Gameful design can increase efficacy because people feel like they can operate in the context of play in a way that they cannot operate in the serious work of civic life,” said Gordon. This is most apparent when dealing with young people, said Gordon, who often feel marginalized in civic life. “When you frame something as a game, all of a sudden you open up possibilities to a population that has been systematically excluded,” he added. Echoing the words of Huizinga: “Man only plays when in the full meaning of the word he is a man, and he is only completely a man when he plays”; Gordon concluded his lecture: “Fundamental to our humanness is play – and as we build societies and institutions that systematically discount our ability to play, we’re losing some of humanness. So games can be one way to bring that play back into civic life.”
Eric Gordon is Associate Professor of Visual and Media Arts at Emerson College. Gordon studies civic media, location-based media, and serious games. He is a fellow at thelhall Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University and an associate professor in the department of Visual and Media Arts at Emerson College. He is also the founding director of the Engagement Game Lab, which focuses on the design and research of digital games that foster civic engagement. Dr. Gordon is the co-author of Net Locality: Why Location Matters in a Networked World (Blackwell Publishing, 2011) and The Urban Spectator: American Concept-cities from Kodak to Google (Dartmouth, 2010). He holds a B.A. in sociology from the University of California, Santa Cruz, CA, as well as an M.A. and Ph.D. from the Department of Critical Studies, School of Cinema and Television at the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA. Ithiel de Sola Pool (1917-1984) was a pioneer in the development of social science and network theory. Dr. Pool received a Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in 1952, and held academic positions at Hobart College and Stanford University before joining the Massachusetts Institute of Technology faculty in 1953, where he was the first chair of the political science department and a founder of the Center for International Studies. He remained a leader of MIT’s political science and international programs until his death in 1984. He edited a seminal work, The Handbook of Communication (1973), which defined the scope of the field, and his reputation as a leading authority on the social and political impact of communications technology was fortified and extended with such publications as Forecasting the Telephone (1983), and Communication Flows: A Census of Japan and the US (1984), co-written with Roger Hurwitz and Hiroshe Inose. This last book was an early attempt to define and then to measure rigorously the now widely-recognized trend toward a global information society. His renowned works Technologies of Freedom (1983) and Technologies without Borders (1990) were defining studies of communications and human freedom, both as a history of older systems of communication and as visionary accounts of the ways in which emerging digital technologies might transform social and political life. Dr. Pool served on three faculties of Salzburg Seminar sessions: Session 45, American Society, in 1956; Session 77, American Foreign Policy, in 1962; and Session 203, Development, Communication, and Social Change, in 1981.
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